Monday, May 25, 2020
The Disproportionate Incarceration of African American Males The United States currently has the highest incarcerated population in the world with 2.2 million adults incarcerated in 2014 (Kaeble, Glaze, Tsoutis, Minton, 2016). African American males represent a disproportionate amount of the incarcerated population, which is defined by those confined in either prison or jail (Crutchfield Weeks, 2015). Although, African-Americans account for roughly 13% of the United States population, they comprised 37% of the male prison population (Carson, 2015; U.S. Census Bureau, 2016) and 35.4% of the male jail population within the United States in 2014 (Minton Zeng, 2015). The imprisonment of over 750,000 African American males constitutes a social issue because it targets a historically oppressed minority causing rippling social and economic effects throughout the country. Vulnerability to Incarceration Within African American communities, individuals with low incomes or low education levels are at increased risk of incarceration due to less options for legal employment and little resources to successfully navigate the legal system (Crutchfield and Weeks, 2015; Mtichell Caudy, 2015; Pettit Western, 2004). Although the incarceration of black people is an international issue (Warde, 2013) which affects both men and women (Christian Thomas, 2009), the substantial size of the African American male incarcerated population within the United States suggest that this aShow MoreRelatedThe Sentencing Of African Americans1626 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages African Americans now constitute nearly 1 million of the total 2.3 million incarcerated; that is 60% of 30% of the African American population. African Americas are incarcerated at nearly six times the rate of whites. Ã¢â¬Å"Between 6.6% and 7.5% of all black males ages 25 to 39 were imprisoned in 2011, which wer e the highest imprisonment rates among the measured sex, race, Hispanic origin, and age groups. (Carson, E. Ann, and Sabol, William J. 2011.) Stated on Americanprogram.org Ã¢â¬Å" The SentencingRead MoreAfrican American Incarceration And The Advancement Of Colored People1163 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesis a disproportionate amount of Black people incarcerated. There are discrepancies in everything from the education they receive to the jobs that are available to them. This growing trend needs to be addressed and changed permanently, otherwise already superfluous statistics will continue to increase. The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (n.d.) declared that Ã¢â¬Å"One in six black men had been incarcerated as of 2001. If current trends continue, one in three black males bornRead MoreThe Prison System Of America1052 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesbelieve that prison privatization trends of both the increasing presence of corporations in the prison economy and the establishm ent of private prisons connect to the historical efforts to create a profitable punishment industry based on free black male laborers. The Corrections Corporation of America (CCA) builds and staffs prisons. Currently they have 67,000 beds (approximately 62,000 inmates) in 63 facilities from California to Oklahoma to Montana to the District of Columbia and have plans toRead MoreAfrican Americans During The Civil War Essay1319 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pageshave produced extraordinary rates of incarceration among young African American men with little schooling. Radical changes in crime control and sentencing polices led to an unprecedented buildup of the United States prison population over the last thirty years. African Americans comprise a disproportionate percentage of the individuals imprisoned in State correctional institutions across the United States. . There are 5 main reasons as to why African Americans repeatedly go to prison. These reasonsRead MoreRacial Inequalities And Racial Inequality1228 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesindividuals that are being oppressed but also how society functions as a whole. Racial inequalities h ave manifested in American society in ways that underlies a wide range of societal domains such as housing patterns, educational opportunities, healthcare inequality, and incarceration rates. Current events and experiences demonstrate moreover that racial inequality is still adamant in the American culture. Long after slavery, the Jim Crow Era, and the civil rights movement, racial inequality has taken distinctiveRead MoreThe Impact Of Mass Incarceration On African Americans1019 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesAmerica has the highest prevalence of jailing its citizens. Nearly 2.3 million Americans are behind bars or nearly one percent of the adult population at any given time (Campbell, Vogel, Williams, 2015). As of 2014, African Americans make up 34% of the incarcerated population. As a result, a disproportionate amount of African American youth will experience a parentÃ¢â¬â¢s incarceration. Research has shown that children of incarcerated parents experience emotional problems, socioec onomic problemsRead MoreRacism: Incarceration of a Household Member and Hispanic Health Disparities1344 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesMany Americans pretend that the days of racism are far behind; however it is clear that institutional racism still exists in this country. One way of viewing this institutional racism is looking at our nationÃ¢â¬â¢s prison system and how the incarceration rates are skewed towards African American men. The reasons for the incarceration rate disparity are argued and different between races, but history points out and starts to show the reason of why the disparity began. Families and children of the incarceratedRead MoreThe New Jim Crow : Mass Incarceration1081 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Michelle AlexanderÃ¢â¬â¢s The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness outlines how the criminal justice system has systematically designed new methods of discriminating against African Americans. The book advocates for racial justice, specifically, for Af rican Americans and contends they [African Americans] were targeted and subsequently incarcerated, by white voters and public officials, through the War on Drugs campaign. President Reagan and his Administration exploited racialRead MoreRacial Discrimination And The Criminal Justice System1512 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesevidence validate the issue of racism to be undeniable. Equality and justice are out of reach with the racism that takes place in our criminal justice system and our country. Racial discrimination is prevalent amongst the African American culture in issues regarding drug use, and incarceration which creates unfair inequality for this race. I will use peer reviewed articles to verify the racial disparity in the criminal justice system. The first article I am going to focus on, Foreword: Addressing the RealRead MoreMass Incarceration Of Poor Black Male4177 Words Ã |Ã 17 Pages Mass Incarceration of poor, black male, and increasingly female, young people in the Name of a Bogus War on Drugs Purpose of the Study Purpose Statement: to reveal the problem of mass incarceration of poor, black male, and increasingly female, young people in the name of a bogus war on drugs from the 1980 s?90 s. The purpose of this study is to expose the process of mass incarceration
Thursday, May 14, 2020
Sustainable Tourism and Climate Change Introduction This paper reviews Daniel Scotts article in the Journal of Sustainable Times Why sustainable tourism must address climate change. Objectives Scott takes issue with a previous article written by David Weaver in the Journal of Sustainable Times. According to Scotts narrative, Weaver presented several interrelated issues that essentially dispute some of the proven science of climate change. Climate change studies are valid and the research that has gone into climate change is empirical and not to be discredited, Scott asserts. Weaver also claimed that sustainable tourism is being dominated at least rhetorically by the issue of climate change, Scott points out on page 17. Weavers position that tourisms expanding engagement with climate change is not conducive to sustainability within the tourism industry (Scott, 2011, p. 17) is bothersome to Scott, and hence, Scott insists, Weavers assertions need to be confronted, challenged, and where appropriate, rebuked. Theory There is no specific theoretical framework per se in Scotts peer-reviewed piece, albeit the author is a firm believer in the science that has been presented on climate change, and he believes that any retreat from engagement with climate change within the tourism industry could be to the detriment of tourisms campaign to become sustainable. The assumption that Weaver made in his previous article is that tourism is perhaps over-reacting to theShow MoreRelatedDubais Political and Economic Development: Essay38738 Words Ã |Ã 155 PagesMAY 10,2005 Table of Contents I Persian Gulf Development Literature Oil Curse Literature Arab and Islamic Factors Regional Ovemiew and Historical Background Dubais Development History I1 PI1 Explaining Dubai9sDevelopment Outcome Why Not Other Gulf States? Dubai versus the Development Literature IV Dubai in a Cornparatbe Corntext Saudi Arabia Qatar Brunei Conclusion Appendix Bibliography Introduction Dubai, a tiny, oil-exporting city-state located in the PersianRead MoreStephen P. Robbins Timothy A. Judge (2011) Organizational Behaviour 15th Edition New Jersey: Prentice Hall393164 Words Ã |Ã 1573 Pagesand Practices 543 18 Organizational Change and Stress Management 577 Appendix A Research in Organizational Behavior Comprehensive Cases Indexes Glindex 637 663 616 623 Contents Preface xxii 1 1 Introduction What Is Organizational Behavior? 3 The Importance of Interpersonal Skills 4 What Managers Do 5 Management Functions 6 Ã¢â¬ ¢ Management Roles 6 Ã¢â¬ ¢ Management Skills 8 Ã¢â¬ ¢ Effective versus Successful Managerial Activities 8 Ã¢â¬ ¢ A Review of the ManagerÃ¢â¬â¢s Job 9 Enter OrganizationalRead More65 Successful Harvard Business School Application Essays 2nd Edition 147256 Words Ã |Ã 190 PagesNewspaper ST. MARTINÃ¢â¬â¢S GRIFFIN NEW YORK 65 SUCCESSFUL HARVARD BUSINESS SCHOOL APPLICATION ESSAYS, SECOND EDITION. Copyright Ã © 2009 byThe Harbus News Corporation. All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America. For-information, address St. Martins Press, 175 Fifth Avenue, New York, N.Y. 10010. www.stmartins.com Library of Congress Cataloging...in..Publication Data 65 successful Harvard Business -School application essays : with analysis by the staff of The Harbus, the Harvard BusinessRead MoreManagement Course: MbaÃ¢Ëâ10 General Management215330 Words Ã |Ã 862 PagesCourse: MBAÃ¢Ëâ10 General Management California College for Health Sciences MBA Program McGraw-Hill/Irwin abc McGrawÃ¢ËâHill Primis ISBN: 0Ã¢Ëâ390Ã¢Ëâ58539Ã¢Ëâ4 Text: Effective Behavior in Organizations, Seventh Edition Cohen Harvard Business Review Finance Articles The Power of Management Capital FeigenbaumÃ¢ËâFeigenbaum International Management, Sixth Edition HodgettsÃ¢ËâLuthansÃ¢ËâDoh Contemporary Management, Fourth Edition JonesÃ¢ËâGeorge Driving Shareholder Value MorinÃ¢ËâJarrell Leadership, Fifth EditionRead MoreMarketing Mistakes and Successes175322 Words Ã |Ã 702 Pagesearlier editions. I think this may even be my best book. The new Google and Starbucks cases should arouse keen student interest, and may even inspire another generation of entrepreneurs. A fair number of the older cases have faced significant changes in the last few years, for better or for worse, and these we have captured to add to learning insights. After so many years of investigating mistakes, and more recently successes also, it might seem a challenge to keep these new editions freshRead MoreProject Mgmt296381 Words Ã |Ã 1186 PagesCritical chain method Chapter 9 Chapter 10 Reducing Project Duration Leadership Chapter 2 Organization Strategy and Project Selection 1.4 Projects and programs (.2) 1.4.1 Managing the portfolio 1.4.3 Strategy and projects 2.3 Stakeholders and review boards 12.1 RFPÃ¢â¬â¢s and vendor selection (.3.4.5) 18.104.22.168 SWAT analysis 22.214.171.124 Schedule compression 126.96.36.199 Leadership skills G.1 Project leadership 10.1 Stakeholder management Chapter 11 Teams Chapter 3 Organization: Structure andRead MoreOne Significant Change That Has Occurred in the World Between 1900 and 2005. Explain the Impact This Change Has Made on Our Lives and Why It Is an Important Change.163893 Words Ã |Ã 656 Pagesthe great majority of both international and domestic immigrants in the modern era, and that in 2005 became the place of residence for the majority of the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s human population for the first time in history. He gives considerable attention to changes in city planning, patterns of urban growth, and important differences between industrialized Europe and North America and the developing world, as well as the contrasts in urban design and living conditions between different sorts of politicalRead MoreMonsanto: Better Living Through Genetic Engineering96204 Words Ã |Ã 385 Pagespeople and that this provides a huge undeveloped market for the implantable hearing devices industry. STEP 3 THE INDUSTRY ENVIRONMENT E X T E R N A L A N A LY S I S S T E P 1 W H AT INDUSTRY IS IT? You must decide on this early. This is an important step, because it changes the analysis Ã¢â¬â for example, your industry analysis will yield different conclusions depending on what industry you determine. STEP 2 GENERAL A N A LY S I S ENVIRONMENT Analyse the six generic elements Ã¢â¬â economic
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Shortly after the turn-of-the-century, nearly two-thirds of states in America enacted laws that required sterilization of various criminals, mentally ill, epileptics, alcoholics, and sufferers of poverty (Largent, 2011). All of this effort was exerted to prevent undesirable children from being born. It was justified by the assumption that unfit people arenÃ¢â¬â¢t capable of adequate parenting; therefore their offspring would be a financial burden on society. Strong ideals and dogma were the weapons chosen by eugenicists to get involuntary sterilization legalized. Depending on who is in power politically at a given time, certain people in society are vulnerable to abuse. This author will focus on the topic of forced sterilization in America, as there are certain people in this country that are still coerced and forced into sterilization. Background The topic of eugenics is broad in nature and can mean anything from human sterilization, reproductive genetic technologies (RGT), selective breeding, restrictions on marriage and withholding assistance from the poor and sick. All of this effort is exerted to protect society from the unfit, inferior and ultimately to improve the quality of the gene pool (Camporesi, 2015). Historical perspective After Charles Darwin published his book Ã¢â¬Å"On the origins of speciesÃ¢â¬ in 1859, evolution became a hot topic of discussion; the notion of the human race improving itself by selective breeding started to spread (Winfield, 2012). For yearsShow MoreRelatedEugenics And Its Impact On Human Life1560 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagescenters on manipulating those who are considered genetically weak in society, coercing these individuals to believe they are unfit for having children. Eugenicists believed that this practice would help to eliminate any hereditary dysfunctions that a person carries and inhibit the passing on of what is considered to be harmful traits. Many people in this movement relied on the idea of sterilization being the way to relieve society of harmful disorders that they specified was unfit. The state of NorthRead MoreEugenics And The History Of Medical Ethics1490 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"It is impossible to understand the history of eugenics and its enduring legacies in California outside the framework of Chicana/o historyÃ¢â¬ . Sterilization practices in Puerto Rico and California, pre- and post- legal eugenics can be examined through the context of eugenics and the history of medical ethics. Ã¢â¬Å"Although steady or increasing rates of sterilization in some cases reflected womenÃ¢â¬â¢s demands for birth control, the lines between voluntary and coerced were often quite blurredÃ¢â¬ and a case canRead MoreProblems Faced By Forced Sterilization1223 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesfaces of the joyless people. The world as you know it, is gone. TodayÃ¢â¬â¢s society is quickly becoming dismal. Men and women are reproducing offspring without even thinking about what they are doing by bringing a human being into the world. They are potentially introducing them to the constant hopeless of what is to come. We as educated people can no longer let this proceed. I propose we limit these conflicts by forced sterilization if you do not have at least the ave rage IQ score of 90. I think that itRead MoreThe Effects of the One-Child Policy in China Essay example808 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesto control how many children you have? Is it fair for them to kill your unborn children? Since 1949 under the rule of Mao Zedong, the communist Chinese government had enforced policies that control families and couples in China. The Government has forced the people to have more children at one point and less at another. The One-Child policy in China limits Chinese couples to one child each. The three exceptions to the policy are: Minority ethnic groups, urban single-child residents, and the policyRead MoreThe United States Of America Essay1421 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesthe law. The practices that were used gave rise to a deep problem in the African American community that is still prevalent in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society. Slavery was about Ã¢â¬Å"stolen bodies working stolen land. It was an engine that did not stop, its hungry boiler fed with blood.Ã¢â¬ (Whitehead 117) Practices during slavery which include but not limited to forced sterilization, phrenology, and various experiments are the underpinnings that are the likely consequences of African American distrust in the health careRead MoreHuman Rights Are The Rights One Is Entitled To Based On1232 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesmass sterilization Ã¢â¬â and in particular, focused on the rights of women and racial minorities. While the rights of sexual minorities were also impacted, this essay will only examine the rights of women and racial minorities in the context of the main 20th century horrors because they were the two groups most affected by these horrors. The human rights of racial minorities and women emerged through laws and non-binding documents after and due to war, genocide, expulsion, and mass sterilization in theRead MoreA Landmark Surgery1619 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesits essence is a form of selective breeding that places emphasis on the laws of Darwinian evolutionary theory to seed out any unneccesarisly bad genes from affecting the healthy growth of the world population. In the US this took the form of forced sterilizations on those deemed genetically unfit to contribute to the gene pool (Estabrook). It is in other countries where we are most familiar with the process, most specifically Nazi Germany. The efforts of the Third Reich to create a genetically superiorRead MoreThe Effects Of Racism On African American Women971 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageswhole world. It is a belief of people that their race, skin color, ethnic identity is superior than others. Racism is found almost everywhere in the world. In the United States, racism started since the European colonization and still exists in our society. African American have been target of population control strategy, harassment, assault, sexual abuse, rape. Rapid population growth is one of the major issues everywhere. And women of color are the main victims of population control strategies; especiallyRead MoreAboriginal Children and Women are an Impediment to Development in Canada1359 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesto engage the analytical concept of intersectionality to critically interpret government-led development initiatives in Canada and the wider world from a postcolonial/feminist perspective. Thesis Canada is often recognized as a developed society on the world stage, with elaborate institutions and treaties in place to ensure the needs and development of Indigenous people are met. Yet, simultaneously Canada exists in a state with a numerous amount of human rights abuses against Aboriginal womenRead MoreThe Eugenics Of The Word Eugenics1626 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageseugenics was to improve the health and performance of the population by preventing reproduction of its least fit and performed of the population. Severe restrictions were put on those with defects. They had to be kept from reproducing and involuntary sterilization would be used if necessary (Eugenics, 2009). The negative goals included eliminating genetic diseases, disorders, disabilities and other mental or physical defects. The goal of positive eugenics was to increase the rate of reproduction of those
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss about the Responsibility of Ethical Dilemma. Answer: Introduction Ethics is coined from a Greek word which means character. In the course of providing patient care, nurses have the responsibility of observing the concept of ethics. The concept of ethics entails giving rational, correct and good care to whoever they are entrusted to. On our daily endeavors, we combat numerous ethical dilemma issues regardless of area of operation. Nurses are faced with ethical decisions when discharging our duties which in most instances affect both our patients and us. Ethical dilemma is regarded as a difficulty whose solution is not satisfactory. Making an ethical decision is very important due to the fact that varied ethical choices on a dilemma can result to different answers which may turn out to be ethically wrong or right decision (Ulrich et al. 2007). Ethics is the art of doing something good without causing any harm. The art of determining what is wrong and what is right may differ from nurse to nurse considering areas of operation, training and the general behavior of the person. Ethical decision making by nurses are coined from the fundamental principles we cover as part of our curriculum where we derive tools and basis of making a decision. Experience, beliefs, and values shape our decisions based on the knowledge acquired. This may therefore result to different decisions being made on similar dilemma (Cathy 2012). In nursing, there are principles that guide our daily routine in anticipation of making our patients feel better. The principle of nonmaleficence requires nurses to evade causing injury and suffering to patients when they are being attended to. Nonmaleficence also requires nurses to report any abuse suspected on the patient. The principle of beneficence advocates for doing good to patients. Nurses are encouraged to concentrate on achieving optimal results by offering outstanding treatment to patients. The principle of autonomy requires patients participation when administering treatment to them. Patients have the right to independence, self-determination and a chance for self-direction. They have the authority to determine what will be happening to them. They have the right to consent or refuse treatment. The nurses are expected to respect the wishes of patients whether they agree with them or not. The principle of justice require nurses to treat all patients equally and fairly. Nurs es must distribute resources to the patients accordingly, giving consideration to patients needs and spending time with patients fairly without favor and bias (Parahoo 2014). Besides ethical principles, deontological and utilitarian ethical theories also guide nurses when discharging duties. Under utilitarian ethics, the means of doing something is justified by previous outcomes. Decisions are made based on benefits achieved for the majority. And deontological ethics gives more importance to obligation or duties carried out by the nurses. Deontological stresses that the means is not justified by the outcome (Conway Gawronski 2013). Nurses encounter numerous ethical dilemma issues in the course of our duties. We tend to feel the family members struggles in trying to make ends meet. Moreover, we spend much of our time taking care of the patients thus understanding their needs. Nurses determine the opinion of the patient on the treatment perception together with the families. The magnitude of the ethical dilemma faced by us determines the number of people who will be directly affected by the decision. Such decisions also tend to affect the psychological well-being of a person thus have a much impact on their life expectancy. For instance, a patient may want to undergo a therapy which prolongs life but will have to live with side effects which on return will totally turn around the lifestyle of the patient. In these kind of scenarios, we can base their decisions on the fundamental principles that guide our operations. Based on my personal experience on the basic principles, my experience in carrying out my duties w as as follows. Situations of doctors reprimanding nurses is common. A one painful ordeal I gone through from my doctor colleague is still fresh in my mind. For surgeries to be conducted on patients, they are given time to prepare psychologically for the possible outcomes of the intended surgery, what it will entail and will be required of the patient. After some surgery are planned, patients are put under the Care of nurses. Patients tend to ask us a lot of questions regarding the operation. An instant arose where when the surgery was about to be performed, the patient asked the doctor in-charge for alternative medication instead of the surgery. Upon learning that from the patient, the doctor turned on me for advising the patient otherwise which led to several questions before the surgery. Such settings put us in dilemma over the right to consent of the patients being abused by the doctors since the patient wanted more information availed before the consenting to the procedure. Some doctors believe that they are right and their decisions towards discharging their duties is above board and no one should question (Parahoo 2014). Pro-life versus pro-choice decisions have direct effect to the nurse involved. Our own values and beliefs forms basis of the position we take in choosing between the two. A patient carried out an abortion which turned out to be harmful and the victim came to the hospital to seek for medication (Cathy 2012). During my training in college, abortion was regarded as a crime only if performed a recognized medical doctor to save the life of the mother. It was very difficult for me to attend to the patient since she had committed a punishable crime by the law. All in all, irrespective of the patients deeds, we are expected to attend to patients without bias. I did find myself in situation where I was supposed to report the case to the police which can lead the patient to be charged in the court of law for procuring abortion. Consequently, I was supposed to treat her and save her life. On the same note, an injured thief who apparently engaged the police in a gun battle and got shot in return did put me in a difficult situation. Treating him was to save his life and when I could have reported the matter to the police, the thief could have ended up in prison. The dilemma arose where I was to save the life of the thief and again put him in trouble by reporting the incident to the authorities. Care provision to persons with disability was a daunting task I did come across. In an attempt to recover, persons with disability problems who wish to walk do harm themselves in the process of trying to walk without supervision of a nurse. My desire to help the patient walk by promoting independence left the patient vulnerable to falling down which at times complicated the situation further. The situation aggravated more when it was a newborn with mental or physical disabilities. I encountered confusion in breaking the news to one patient that they not be able to walk again. Convincing a person that their normal life they used to enjoy before is now history is quite challenging. Convincing that accident victim that for them to survive, their dear legs will have to be amputated so as to be prepared to embrace disability was quite intriguing. Giving a child a chance to survive meant that I did compromise my personal feeling by causing pain in order to meet the overall goal which was t o make the child walk and overcome the mental status. However, this is ethical, we face the dilemma of balancing the two acts. Life principle supports the opinion of prolonging life if the current quality is poor. Furthermore, in comparing control and freedom, patients does not have a right to making decisions or pushing us to carry out a procedure on them which may turn out to be negative. I faced a challenge in convincing my patient who did not want to eat a diet I prescribed to her which was very important for her recovery. Additionally, the patient wanted me to inject her with drugs that cut weight rapidly but in real sense, rapid loss of weight over a short period of time results to adverse effect on the patients life (Cathy 2012). Careful and absolute reasoning was required from me to convince the patient on the negative effects of the intended action as much she was fighting obese. It was a hill task explaining to the patient why she needed to be patient and take the meals genuinely so that she could reduce the sugar level in the blood instead of seeking shortcut over her obese problem. On that fateful day, we received an accident victim, a cyclist, who was knocked by a speed car. It was a daunting challenge to explain to the family the procedure which was to be undertaken on the patient. With his condition, his right hand was supposed to be amputated since he was brought late into our hospital and the arm was already rotting from inside. And for him to survive and live long, amputation was the only viable option. The feeling of losing a hand is daunting but for the wellbeing of the victim, it was to go. The family members insisted on telling the patient that whatever procedure they are about to undergo was painful and had a total lifestyle change which he will live with to the grave. In an attempt to treat the patient, drug prescription to the patient caused fatigue, sweating accompanied by diarrhea. Passing such information to him did pose a real challenge to me and was in a dilemma. The same patient was also to undergo scanning. Under the principle of nonmalefice nce which prevent nurses from harming patients, we often find themselves inflicting pain to patients in order to relieve them of their misery by administering an injection. A balance between beneficence and nonmaleficence must be closely adhered to in care provision. The benefit of getting care from us must outweigh discomfort the patient is subjected to. Resource distribution is one of the major challenges that affect our daily routine operations. After intensive evaluation of a patients probability of survival, I found that despite putting the patient under medication, oxygen or Intensive Care Unit (ICU), the chances of the patients survival was very minimal but the family still insisted on further treatment. In such a scenario, I was in total dilemma of saving other patients from the same machine and resources available from which the other patient was deemed not to survive. In times of emergency, we are at a cross road to take care of our daily routine and to attend to the patients at the emergency wing. I used to have a schedule to give medication to patients at a particular time, yet during that time, another emergency arises, these double tasks used to put me in a fix to make valid decision on who to attend to. Failure to attend to both at the right time will lead to serious consequence which may even cost a life which I was di rectly responsible for negligence which is punishable by the code of conduct of our operations. Making decisions on personal beliefs and work experience compared to acquired knowledge in the medical school usually put us at a fix as we execute our duties. During our practical, I was taught how to perform a procedure from the medical school but when it came to practical application at work place, such learned technique were sometimes in applicable. One patient of mine did believe that transfusion is wrong from their religious perspective but failure to do so as a medical practitioner was to lead to death. At that point, I was faced with the dilemma of saving a life or upholding the religious belief of the patient. The empathy to save a life was contradicting the patients family religious belief. Conversely, by policy, I was required to listen the patients point of view and also the obligation to offer quality service to the patient. Coming to a mutual agreement with the patient and the family to accept the transfusion against the belief and tradition was a really tough exercise. Eventually, the patient and the family accepted the procedure and the life was saved. Organizational policies do also form part of our distress at work. In our organization it was mandatory for the patient to pay fifty percent of the medical expenses which was to be incurred on the patient before discharging treatment to the patient. A patient was brought who really needed urgent attention since she was involved in a fight and had a knife wound. I juggled between saving the life of the patient and upholding the policy of the hospital. If the I could have gone ahead to save the life of the patient without down payment, I was to lose the job as per the policy and a failure to do so will also result in loss of life. On the other hand, when the patient was due for operation, there must be a signatory from the family of the patient to approve of the intended surgery. The problem arose when there was no close family member so sign for the recommended procedure. It was disastrous when the family members of the patient were absent and I went ahead to be the sole signatory of the procedure which may have turned out to be unsuccessful and there is loss of life. Violence and workplace bullying of the nurses is one of the challenges we face. In effective communication between us and doctors is one of the major dilemmas. Work structure and hierarchy inhibit proper communication among the doctors and us. The management used to give orders which should be followed irrespective of our feelings and opinions on the said action. A difficulty in communication used to arise where patients were not ready to disclose the right information about their health status which may eventually result in wrong diagnosis. If the diagnosis goes wrong, we are charged with negligence yet it was the patients fault of giving wrong information in anticipation of their treatment. On the other hand, some patients are very violent and abusive. I have been assaulted in the process of giving care to patients who have psychiatric problems. We therefore find themselves in situations where our safety is compromised while giving care. We face indecisive whether to abandon the pa tient or help them recover. With the growth in information and technology and increased access to information, I once found myself in awkward moment in prescribing drugs to a patient. Since a lot of information is available on the online platform, patients usually research on the internet various diagnosis they are suffering from and remedies to such illness. Research conducted reveal that a good number of people are not existing well but are just surviving as a result of self-medication. When they go hospitals, they already know the medications they are supposed to take towards recovery (Ulrich et al. 2007). Giving alternative medication left me embarrassed since the patient had already known what she actually wanted. Technology has therefore enabled people to treat themselves thus barely surviving serious illnesses. The decision to give the patient what she wanted and I prescribing what is right for her always turned out to be ugly. Another dilemma I faced in the medical facilities was in the area of genetics and genomics. A patient researched about his genomics on the internet and upon coming the hospital, I was the one attending for him. Being my first month of working, I was not well conversant with genetics and genomics. I ended up being embarrassed in front of other patients since he was shouting what I was doing there if I could not attend to him promptly and accurately. Due to the rising population and lack of enough trained nurses, institutions such as schools, community outreach centers and prisons have to cope with quacks to meeting the much needed health attendance. The most dominated area is the admission of insulin to inmates, students and others in the society. Qualified nurses like me find ourselves in uncompromising situations where the untrained care givers does not uphold the accepted code of conduct in the medical profession ((American Nurses Association 2009). Many homes for the elderly are also understaffed leading to deaths since constant care cannot be accessed by the elderly. At their age, old people are prone to variety of diseases which if not watched closely, they end up passing away. The few staffs feel the burden and dissatisfaction of not offering our services when it is most needed. Some people also operate clinics with no proper qualification jeopardizing the whole profession with wrong diagnosis and carrying out illegal abo rtions which usually end in deaths which could have been prevented. Operations of the back-street clinics have also resulted in the thriving business of substandard drugs which put the life of people in danger. And in an incident of a problem, the whole industry is marred in the unfortunate occurrence tarnishing our good reputation. Research conducted by American Nurses Association (2009) reveals that, we, nurses face unconducive work environment. In most hospitals and care giving organization, there is usually staffing problems and the safety of the patient. Due to staff shortage, we do not get time to exercise full responsibility in meeting the emotional needs of the patients, helping them adapt and recover. Failure to perform such vital processes always leave us unsatisfied to our call to attend to the patients fully resulting them living in stress since we have not met moral obligation as required. Recently, cases of leaking confidential reports are on the rise. A number of the nurses who are entrusted to uphold the confidentiality of a patients medical records are leaking the said records for monetary gain. Bribery allegations once rocked our department. One of my colleague allegedly accessed and leaked medical records of my patient to the ill-motive people who were destined to have medical records of their allies to gain a mileage on him based on his medical condition. Politicians and the business community access the records for uncouth completion environment. Some nurses also abuse the code of the profession and engage in selling of drugs meant for patients to make extra cash. Patients being diagnosed with compromised drugs is also taking shape. In-house treatment by nurses tend to go against the ethics of the treatment. Due to low pay in some countries, nurses engage in off-hospital service delivery which at the day of the compromise the quality of health provision which i s unethical by nature. Casterle et al. (2008) notes that ethical dilemma was also common when dealing with children. Balancing the wishes of the patient and the familys values, beliefs and wishes often pose a challenge in effective service delivery to the sick as much there is dire need to uphold the work ethics without compromising the outcome. However, much expectation is required of us by the parents, our ultimate obligation is the patient. Privacy issues tend to be controversial where we cannot reveal all the medical information to the parents of the patient since by law, minors have some basics to privacy. There are some information that the minor may not want the parents to be told, therefore, we exercises this constitutional mandate and the policy of the hospital to protect the minor. Biases to honest information on the exact condition of the patient do arise severally. The family of the patient may choose to deliberately reserve truthful information with a primary goal of protecting the patient stress related to the emotional wellbeing of their patient. At this point, we have the headache of whether to pass the truthful information to the patient or side with the family. Making decision on what information to share, when and how to share did pose a real dilemma to me. It is considered one of the toughest responsibilities nurses have to put up with. Ethical dilemma is quite diverse. Nurses grappling with a lot of responsibilities is also considered an ethical dilemma since the standard mode of operations is not observed. We face shortage of working equipment, drugs and burden on the number of patients to attend to. In state of affairs where we do not have adequate time to relax and write report on the patients progress, then the working conditions is unethical which some of us barely recognize and acknowledge as part of the problem. Sometimes, work burden becomes more until we feel like quitting the job after professional burnout and moral distress. According to Jeanette (2015) patient care ethics code at Johns Hopkins Hospital spells out the hospitals values as confidentiality, patient autonomy and obeying cultural traditions. The hospital went further to articulate the manner of application of the values from scarce supplies allocation to compulsory flu vaccination. In another setting, Kimmel Cancer Center, has programs for th e nurses to counter distress as they handle cancer patients who visit the facility for a long period of time. Conclusion In nursing, ethical dilemmas come daily which require decision making. Experiences, values and personal beliefs and medical principles acquired from school by us plays a crucial role in our decision making in the course of our duty. Our commitment to those we care for in the society include but no limited to ethical care, providing competent and safe services to patients. Often, we have been frustrated in delivering our professional obligation in a manner we deem acceptable to the code of ethics. Regularly, ethical distress arise from the barriers encountered during the ethical practice. Circumstances such as observing beneficence and nonmaleficence, technological advancement, unfavorable working environment, organizational policies, comparing freedom and control, pro-life and pro-choices forms the fundamental ground for unethical behaviors to thrive. However, as we face the challenges of balancing between ethics and quality service delivery, we should remain focused to main goal in meeting the patients needs without watering the code of ethics in the industry. Bibliography Cathy, F., 2012. Major Ethical Dilemmas in Nursing. University of Alabama Parahoo, K., 2014.Nursing research: principles, process and issues. Palgrave Macmillan. Conway, P. and Gawronski, B., 2013. Deontological and utilitarian inclinations in moral decision making: a process dissociation approach. Journal of personality and social psychology,104(2), p.216. Garbutt, G. and Davies, P., 2011. Should the practice of medicine be a deontological or utilitarian enterprise?Journal of Medical Ethics, pp.jme-2010. Butts, J.B. and Rich, K.L., 2012.Nursing ethics. Jones Bartlett Publishers. Marianna, M., 2011. What are the major ethical issues in conducting research? Is there a conflict between the research ethics and the nature of nursing?Health Science Journal. Jeanette, D.B., 2015. Nursing is hard. Undressed ethical issues makes it even harder. John Hopkins University. McClendon, H. and Buckner, E.B., 2007. Distressing situations in the intensive care unit: a descriptive study of nurses' responses.Dimensions of critical care nursing,26(5), pp.199-206. Edwards, S.D., 2009.Nursing ethics: a principle-based approach. Palgrave Macmillan.. Ulrich, C., ODonnell, P., Taylor, C., Farrar, A., Danis, M. and Grady, C., 2007. Ethical climate, ethics stress, and the job satisfaction of nurses and social workers in the United States.Social Science Medicine,65(8), pp.1708-1719. Quaghebeur, T., Dierckx de Casterl, B. and Gastmans, C., 2009. Nursing and euthanasia: a review of argument-based ethics literature.Nursing ethics, 16(4), pp.466-486. Benner, P.E., Tanner, C.A. and Chesla, C.A., 2009.Expertise in nursing practice: Caring, clinical judgment, and ethics. Springer Publishing Company. Fallat, M.E., Glover, J. and Committee on Bioethics, 2007. Professionalism in pediatrics.Pediatrics,120(4), pp.e1123-e1133. Casterl, D., Dierckx, B., Izumi, S., Godfrey, N.S. and Denhaerynck, K., 2008. Nurses responses to ethical dilemmas in nursing practice: meta?analysis.Journal of advanced nursing,63(6), pp.540-549. American Nurses Association, 2009.Nursing administration: Scope and standards of practice. Nursesbooks. org. Pauly, B., Varcoe, C., Storch, J. and Newton, L., 2009. Registered nurses perceptions of moral distress and ethical climate.Nursing ethics,16(5), pp.561-573. Lovell, M., 2006. Caring for the elderly: changing perceptions and attitudes. Journal of vascular nursing,24(1), pp.22-26. Zuzelo, P.R., 2007. Exploring the moral distress of registered nurses. Nursing Ethics,14(3), pp.344-359. Grady, C., Danis, M., Soeken, K.L., O'Donnell, P., Taylor, C., Farrar, A. and Ulrich, C.M., 2008. Does ethics education influence the moral action of practicing nurses and social workers?.The American Journal of Bioethics, 8(4), pp.4-11. Tsai, Y., 2011. Relationship between organizational culture, leadership behavior and job satisfaction.BMC health services research,11(1), p.98. Benner, P., Sutphen, M., Leonard, V. and Day, L., 2009.Educating nurses: A call for radical transformation(Vol. 15). John Wiley Sons. Beadnell, C., 2012. AINs: part of the nursing family.Australian Nursing Journal: ANJ, The,20(1), p.22. Narayan, M.C., 2010. Culture's effects on pain assessment and management.AJN the American Journal of Nursing,110(4), pp.38-47. Sharman, Z., 2007. Remembering the basics: administrative technology and nursing care in a hospital emergency department.International Journal of Medical Informatics,76, pp.S222-S228. Roux, G. and Halstead, J.A., 2009.Issues and trends in nursing: Essential knowledge for today and tomorrow. Jones Bartlett Publishers. Wolf, Z.R. and Zuzelo, P.R., 2006. Never again stories of nurses: dilemmas in nursing practice.Qualitative Health Research,16(9), pp.1191-1206. Rittenmeyer, L. and Huffman, D., 2009. How professional nurses working in hospital environments experience moral distress: a systematic review.JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports,6(12), pp.1234-1291. Joolaee, S., Tschudin, V., Nikbakht?Nasrabadi, A. and Parsa?Yekta, Z., 2008. Factors affecting patients' rights practice: the lived experiences of Iranian nurses and physicians.International nursing review,55(1), pp.55-61. Gjerberg, E., Frde, R., Pedersen, R. and Bollig, G., 2010. Ethical challenges in the provision of end-of-life care in Norwegian nursing homes. Social science medicine,71(4), pp.677-684. Brazil, K., Kassalainen, S., Ploeg, J. and Marshall, D., 2010. Moral distress experienced by health care professionals who provide home-based palliative care.Social science medicine,71(9), pp.1687-1691.
Wednesday, April 8, 2020
Richard Rodriguez has become one of the most controversial figures of study today. In his writing, Ã¢â¬Å"The Achievement of DesireÃ¢â¬ Rodriguez gives a narration of his life while recounting the reasons and the ways in which he educated himself. Notably, he is not the only author who narrates about his life.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Richard RodriguezÃ¢â¬â¢s Writing Style specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Malcolm X also wrote a narrative about his experiences. However, it is necessary to note that RodriguezÃ¢â¬â¢s writing as well as the work by Malcolm X is very intimate. However, RodriguezÃ¢â¬â¢s writing is more efficient as the author uses winning writing strategies. Thus, this essay aims to argue that Richard Rodriguez is a more effective writer by considering issues of word choice and writing style. Rodriguez gives a narration of the path of his educational career in his writing. The author us es emotional appeal to incorporate writing styles such as first person narration, comparison and contrast, and evidence: aspects of writing with style that makes his revelations fascinating, thus an excellent writer (Vonnegut 27). Having laid down the fact that he was a scholarship boy, Rodriguez, in a strategic manner, makes use of the first person narration technique to underline his inner struggles as a scholarship boy. He plays his own informant by using his voice to narrate what he went through, Ã¢â¬Å"I intended to hurt my mother and father. I was still angry at themÃ¢â¬ (Rodriguez 601). Additionally, by using his own voice, he makes the story even more original. Malcolm X also uses first person narration. His writing is intimate as he reveals his emotions and ideas, Ã¢â¬Å"I became increasingly frustrated at not being able to express what I wanted to convey in letters that I wroteÃ¢â¬ (Malcolm X 78). The author highlights the time he spent in jail. Of course, such kind of experience makes the reader sympathise the writer. With the help of the first person narration, the author achieves a very special effect. He shares his emotions and he does not alienate himself from the events he is revealing. Of course, this is one of the most effective writing techniques. It is possible to note that Malcolm X manages to write a more appealing paper. Thus, Rodriguez simply narrates about his experiences. However, Malcolm X addresses the reader, Ã¢â¬Å"As you can imagine, especially in prisonÃ¢â¬ ¦ an inmate was smiled uponÃ¢â¬ (80). It seems that Malcolm X is simply having a friendly and even frank conversation. This is a very strong writing technique. It is possible to note that RodriguezÃ¢â¬â¢s writing lacks this technique.Advertising Looking for essay on literature languages? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More However, RodriguezÃ¢â¬â¢s writing has features that make his writing more effective tha n that of Malcolm X. Thus, a common writing strategy that Rodriguez employs in his essay is comparison and contrast. The author uses comparison when contemplating his relationships with parents and teachers. At the beginning of the essay, Rodriguez compares his father with the scholarship boy when he cites the statement of Hoggart that Ã¢â¬Å"[f]ather says intermittently whatever comes into his headÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ (599). Relatively, Rodriguez talks about the scholarship boy that Ã¢â¬Å"the boy must rehearse his thoughts and raise his hand before speaking outÃ¢â¬ (599). These instances depict the father as being unthinking, unpredictable, and confused as he speaks whatsoever comes into his mind. The scholarship boy, on the other hand, is by contrast a well-behaved, contemplative and tolerant person. These statements point out how the scholarship boy and his father are enormously dissimilar. The boy is advanced and civilized, whereas the father is unenlightened and uncivilized. Anot her example of comparison and contrast is that of the school and the parents of the scholarship boy. The author reveals the difference between the two spheres, his family and his school: From his mother and father the boy learns to trust spontaneity and non-traditional ways of knowingÃ¢â¬ ¦ Teachers emphasize the value of a reflectiveness that opens a space between thinking and immediate action. (Rodriguez 599) This assertion illustrates the decreasing relationship between the boy and his parents. When it comes to the writing of Malcolm X, there are almost no comparisons. The author simply provides some of his ideas on various topics. He uses comparison occasionally and this makes his writing a bit plain. Moreover, Rodriguez makes use of short phrases to display his lonesomeness and some other feelings he experiences. Oftentimes, he uses single-sentence words like Ã¢â¬Å"SadÃ¢â¬ ¦ EnthusiasticÃ¢â¬ ¦ EagerÃ¢â¬ ¦ Enthralled and NervousÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ (602).Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Richard RodriguezÃ¢â¬â¢s Writing Style specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Separation of these phrases represents the state of solitariness that he feels while simultaneously expressing the mixed feelings resulting from his educational achievements. This pithy style describes the vague plight of his state of affairs and sets a tone of incertitude. He is eager to study yet refuses to acknowledge his withdrawal from his onetime family lifestyle (Rodriguez 602). In contrast to Rodriguez, Malcolm X uses quite difficult structures and Ã¢â¬ËsmartÃ¢â¬â¢ words. Of course, the author is writing about serious things but he choose quite complicated words: I perceived, as I read, how the collective white man had been actually nothing but a practical opportunist who used Faustian machinations to make his own Christianity his initial wedge in criminal conquest. (Malcolm X 83) In fact, the entire writing consists of such sentences, which are quite difficult to comprehend. It is important to note that this is one of the major shortcomings of the writing by Malcolm X. He uses too many long and difficult words instead of using short words and simple structures. The use of difficult words makes the writing quite difficult to follow. The reader has to make extra effort to follow the writerÃ¢â¬â¢s ideas. This makes the writing quite ineffective. The reader can fail to understand the authorÃ¢â¬â¢s idea while struggling with the words and structures. Of course, over simplicity is also bad, but Malcolm X is too deliberate while choosing words. On the contrary, Rodriguez writes in simple words, which makes his paper easy to follow. The reader feels relaxed and enjoys reading it. Of course, RodriguezÃ¢â¬â¢s writing is more effective. In conclusion, Rodriguez has shown effectual use of writing styles such as use of short phrases, first person narration, comparison and contrast, and evidence. Therefo re, in my opinion, Rodriguez is really an efficient writer as his writing makes the reader understand how scholarship students will ineluctably belittle their relationship with their family eventually forgetting their background, as they become newly learned individuals. Notably, Malcolm X is very intimate. He uses the first person narration quite effectively. He also addresses the reader, which enhances the effect of certain intimacy and frankness. However, Malcolm X does not use comparison and this makes his paper a bit plain. Finally, Malcolm X uses complicated structures, which makes his writing difficult to follow. Therefore, Rodriguez is indeed a more efficient writer than Malcolm X.Advertising Looking for essay on literature languages? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Works Cited Malcolm X. Learning to Read. n.d. Web. Rodriguez, Richard. Hunger of Memory: An Autobiography; the Education of Richard RodrÃ guez. Boston, MA: Godine, 1982. Vonnegut, Kurt. How to Write with Style. New York, NY: International Paper Company, 1980. This essay on Richard RodriguezÃ¢â¬â¢s Writing Style was written and submitted by user Julissa C. to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.
Monday, March 9, 2020
Three Victories for Dr. King Essays - Community Organizing Professor Frazier Eng 1101-125 30 September 2015 Three Victories for Dr. King Martin Luther King, Jr. helped to bring out great changes in American society. As the leader of the civil rights movement, his strategy of nonviolent protest helped to end degregation in the South and enabled millions of blacks to register to vote for the first time. During the course of his inspiring career, Dr. King won key victories for the civil rights movement in the cities of Montgomery, Birmingham, and Selma, Alabama. The first major victory Dr. King won was in Montgomery, Alabama. There was a 42 year old seamstress by the name of Rosa Parks. She was riding the bus one day and just so happened that 4 white men boarded it. Three of the blacks stood up, all except for her (AuthorLastName Pages) [To use this template when creating the outline for your paper, on the Home tab, in the Styles gallery, click No Indent. Then, on the same tab, in the Paragraph group, click the Multilevel List icon and then click the MLA Outline style that appears under List Styles. The first six levels of this list style correspond to the outline levels defined in MLA 7th Edition.] For additional guidance on formatting your research paper, consult MLA 7th Edition as well as your instructor. AuthorLastName, FirstName. Title of the Book Being Referenced. City Name: Name of Publisher, Year. Type of Medium (e.g. Print). LastName, First, Middle. "Article Title." Journal Title (Year): Pages From - To. Print.
Friday, February 21, 2020
Tourism in Western Australia - Assignment Example The communication strategy of Western Australian Tourism is to support an accountable and open two-way communication process with customers, partners, staff and stakeholders. The communications strategy will include the following stages; Communication objective The objective of the communications strategy is to work efficiently and productively as well as understand the planning process. Also, the objective will include ensuring that all departments and functions of the organization are comprehensible and adhere to the strategic goals and objectives set by management (Dwyer, 2011). Setting key organizational message Conflicting messages can lead to a confused communication and perception among employees and management. Hence, it is essential that a particular message is spread across all departments and is repeated frequently. Some of the key messages that WA tourism can propagate are its long-term strategic goals, revamping of the departmentÃ¢â¬â¢s roles and responsibilities, immediate one year, two year and five year plans and strategic stages in these plans. Prioritizing and defining the key stakeholders Prioritizing the key stakeholders is a critical stage in stakeholdersÃ¢â¬â¢ management, which leads to better communication and planning. Stakeholders should be segregated according to their involvement and importance in the planning and decision asking processes (Department of Planning and community development, n.d). For instance, customers and visitors should be positioned as top priority as well as involved in the communication process more often.